An allegory occurs when the real subject matter is somewhat masked or hidden by similar circumstances presented to the reader. Allegories are fictional stories that have deeper meanings beneath the surface.
People living in the Middle Ages often thought in allegories and it is not surprising one of the best examples of an allegorical play derives from this period. The anonymous work Everyman is a play about a man’s journey through the final days of his life. It is didactic in form and was aimed at teaching Medieval people about morality – the difference between right and wrong.