Genres and Styles


Epic Theatre Student Activity: Clichés

This group activity for students of drama and theatre provides an opportunity to understand some of the key techniques of epic theatre, developed via improvisation and incorporated into a drama performance based on a common cliché. Overview Learning Focus: To enable students to successfully incorporate a number of basic epic theatre...


Bertolt Brecht’s Epic Theory

Verfremdung “Verfremdung”, pronounced “fair-frem-doong”, is a German word used by Bertolt Brecht that lies at the very heart of his theories on epic theatre. In practice he called it “verfremdungseffekt”. The term has variously been translated as “alienation effect”, “distancing effect” and “estrangement effect”. For decades, “alienation effect” was the...


The Beginnings of Epic Theatre in Germany

Epic theatre was first practiced by Erwin Piscator (1893-1966) and Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) in Berlin in the 1920s. Although Brecht would soon claim the notion of an “epic theatre” as his own idea, there is evidence the term was previously being used in debates in avant-garde circles before this. Epic...