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  1. Justin, what a wonderful resource this is. Thank you for your passion, knowledge, clarity, and generous sharing.
    Much gratitude and praise from a NZ teacher

  2. this was a great help.
    a i used it for my drama assessment so it was good that i had a source that was quick and easy to understand!


  4. This helped a lot and I am really grateful for someone doing this. I ended up getting an A and this really helped with that.

  5. This didn’t help……
    I have some feedback
    list the definitions, terms and more about

  6. This didn’t help meeeeeeeeeeeee!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    Can I get some help with: props, costumes, stage direction etc.#helpneeded

    1. Correct me if I’m wrong, please, but aren’t props, costumes, stage directions etc. elements of production?

  7. Always come back to this website whenever doing a drama assignment. Thanks to you I got an A+!!!!

  8. This has been very helpful to me especially as I’m a self- tutored high school teacher of literature-in-English

  9. Very interesting and informative forum. As a drama enthusiast, it keeps me abreast of the global elements of drama. Congrats to all of you and keep up the great work.

    1. Thanks Sarah. I’ve been meaning to update this page for some time. It was originally written well before the VCAA developed descriptors for the dramatic elements in the VCE Drama course (first there were 11, then 12, now 9 elements). But the stats tell me this page consistently has interest from across the globe. I think I’ll update it to reflect the various elements of drama studied in all of the states and territories of Australia. This will double the current list with additional terms. I’ll get on to it!

  10. am writing an assignment on features of drama on the following characteristics suspense, plot, conflicts, protagonist, flashback, climax and interlude. your information is really helping me.

  11. Would like to commend the writer on the amount of information. It helped a lot for me and cleared up the dramatic elements.

  12. Please comment on the following: Performance space; Placement of audience; Symbols; Use and meaning of props; economical use of sets for different meanings; lighting to illustrate moods diff time frame and contrast.

    Thanking you in advance

  13. Tnks.. Am a student of theatre n perf Art in ABU zaria… This has reali hlp me in studin for my exams… Tnks alot

    1. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria? Happy to see The Drama Teacher being used by students all over the world. I’m glad this article helped you in your studies. – Justin

  14. Thanks so much for this! I’m a Drama student and your site is the most useful one that I have found for my study!!!

  15. This is a great resources, however for those teachers who come from Australia – especially Queenland we have based the Elements of Drama on the works of a great Australian Drama Educator in one of the books that he co-wrote called “Drama Wise” (a bible for many teachers) and we use the following – Human Context (role, relationship and situation), Focus, Tension, Movement, Language, Time, Mood, Symbol and Place to create Dramatic Meaning. I hope I listed them all. States like New South Wales use elements such as Contrast and Rhythm, but I would include them in the EOD’s I listed above. I hope this gives people a different look into the way that drama is explored in different places.

    1. Hi Tamara,

      The above list of dramatic elements is based on those used in senior drama studies in Victoria, as this website originates from Melbourne. Its origins stem from the list originally being published by the Victorian curriculum authority in the early 90s, but to this day without descriptors (to change in 2014). Brad Haseman’s Dramawise is a great book, indeed, and has certainly stood the test of time (24 years on). I have often considered expanding the above list to include different elements of drama studied in various states of Australia and different countries of the world, reflecting additional elements discussed by yourself and others in the comments to this post. One day soon, I may just get to writing up an expanded list with definitions. As a side note, the new Australian Curriculum has yet another list of slightly different elements of drama for us to digest from 2014 onwards. Thanks for your comment.

  16. Of course conflict and climax are dramatic elements – imagine a play without them.
    I am a high school English teacher in California and needed a tutorial to teach dramatic elements. I am grateful for this website that helped form a class unit.
    Thank you!

    1. Well, that’s not entirely true. Talent may mean that you don’t need these elements to convey a realistic performance to the audience, but these elements are crucial to understanding and interpreting a text. If you rely solely on talent then you won’t be able to expand on your performance skills.

  17. Drama is basically any situation or series of events having vivid, emotional, conflicting, or striking interest or results.

      1. Put simply, this person thinks that using emotion in the way you act and speak should be on this list, even though it is not an element of drama.

  18. shaffaf im sorry but climax and conflict are very clearly dramatic elements, i have been studying drama for nearly 6 years and these are used all the time, look anywhere man.

      1. yes they may be important but they fall under tension…tension of task, tension of relationship, tension of surprise, tension of mystery…they are not elements of drama

      2. I would actually place Conflict and Climax as a subcategory of Tension – they can apply under the idea of Tension of Relationship or Task for both depending on the Situation, which would be part of the Human Context.