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  1. There are three types of drama within itself;
    – inside the action
    -outside the action and,
    i am in gr9 and im going on to uni to study drama soon plz reply if you dont agree with what i just said or if there is somethingb you want to add

  2. this is very hepful:)

  3. Didn’t focus become a performance skill along with timing just recently? That’s what i’ve been told by my Drama teacher. Also i don’t think it would fit in with the expressive skills, as i’ve always thought of them as using the body, while focus is more what we think we are doing, using our minds.

    1. It did indeed, Luke. This post was written in 2008. I’ll update the post and note the recent change. Thanks for spotting it.
      – Justin

  4. I agree with Methough i would beg to include another I always teach to students;
    3. The focus of the scene or situation.

    I always explain that just as the human context and tension can be broken into baser components, similarly focus is a composite of these three ‘MAIN’ foci. What the audience is induced to focus upon, what the actors are focussed upon (character, will, counter-will etc) and what the scene itself is focussed upon.

    This is senior QLD drama by the way.

  5. FOCUS is has 2 different meanings:

    1 Were the audiences attention is directed.(Element)

    2 Not breaking charater, not laughing or smiling staying focused. (Skill)

    1. thank you i needed a definition and this helped


  6. hi why dont you have definations of the words like engaging for example

    1. i agree i came for a definition and didnt get one

  7. Thanks for a thought provoking post Justin! I referenced your blog and posted this on The Drama Vic Forum as well:

    I think ‘focus’ can be defined as both a dramatic element and as a performance skill (These are my definitions only and do not represent the VCAA’s definitions):

    focus n. (dramatic element)
    The place in the acting space where the audience’s attention is directed.
    ie. Where is the ‘focus’? Who has the ‘focus’?

    focus n. (performance skill)
    The actor’s ability to establish and maintain mental and physical control during performance.
    Was the actor ‘focussed’? She lost her ‘focus’.

    I would define an expressive skill as the skills associated with the actor’s physical instrument (voice, gesture, posture, facial expression). Performance skills are non-physical skills that the actor uses to define the quality (not in an evaluative sense) of the expression – energy, confidence, etc.

    By this definition ‘focus’ is closer to a performance skill than an expressive skill.

    There are several other definitions that I find odd from the VCAA:

    * why is posture not an expressive skill?
    * why does the VCAA Drama SD define expressive skills using the term ‘performance skills’?
    * How is ‘pathos’ a theatrical convention and not a dramatic element (if ‘mood’ is a dramatic element)?
    * Why is direction considered ‘stagecraft’ and not ‘play-making technique’?????

  8. Agree Justin. This first thing that you teach Year 7’s in Drama is about focus and that you can’t create a character without strong focus (along with the other expressive skills)Personally I look at the expressive skills at the minimum you apply to a performance. The dramatic elements are used to make a performance entertaining and interesting.
    Focus is a must and fits nicely in expressive skills.